Papers (click here for .pdf's)



Diepeveen ET, O Roth & W Salzburger (2013) Immune-related functions of the hivep gene family in East African cichlid fishes. Genes, Genomes, Genetics (G3) 3: 2205-2217.


Böhne A, C Heule, N Boileau & W Salzburger (2013) Expression and sequence evolution of aromatase cyp19a1 and other sexual development genes in East African cichlid fishes. Molecular Biology and Evolution 30: 2268-2285.


Wilson LAB, M Colombo, R Hanel, W Salzburger & MR Sanchez-Villagra (2013) Ecomorphological disparity in an adaptive radiation: opercular bone shape and stable isotopes in Antarctic icefishes. Ecology and Evolution 3: 3166-3182.


Diepeveen ET, F Kim & W Salzburger (2013) Sequence analyses of the distal-less homeobox gene family in East African cichlid fishes reveal signatures of positive selection. BMC Evolutionary Biology 13: 153.


Mateus CS☯, M Stange☯, D Berner, M Roesti, BR Quintella, MJ Alves, PR Almeida & W Salzburger (2013) Strong genome-wide divergence between sympatric European river and brook lampreys. Current Biology 23: R649-650.


Loh YHE, E Bezault, FM Muenzel, RB Roberts, R Swofford, M Barluenga, CE Kidd, AE Howe, F Di Palma, K Lindblad-Toh, J Hey , O Seehausen, W Salzburger, TD Kocher & JT Streelman (2013) Origins of shared variation in East African cichlids. Molecular Biology and Evolution 30: 906-917.


Colombo M☯, ET Diepeveen☯, M Muschick, ME Santos, A Indermaur, N Boileau, M Barluenga & W Salzburger (2013) The ecological and genetic basis of convergent thick-lipped phenotypes in cichlid fishes. Molecular Ecology 22: 670-684.



Muschick M, A Indermaur & W Salzburger (2012) Convergent evolution within an adaptive radiation of cichlid fishes. Current Biology 22: 2362-2368.


Roesti M, W Salzburger & D Berner (2012) Uninformative polymorphisms bias genome scans for signatures of selection. BMC Evolutionary Biology 12:94.


Meyer BS & W Salzburger (2012) A novel primer set for multilocus phylogenetic inference in East African cichlid fishes. Molecular Ecology Resources 12: 1097-1104.


Roth O, I Keller, S Landis, W Salzburger & T Reusch (2012) Hosts are ahead in a marine host-parasite coevolutionary arms race: innate immune system adaptation in pipefish Syngnathus typhle against Vibrio phylotypes. Evolution 66: 2528-2539.


Egger B, KM Sefc, L Makasa, C Sturmbauer & W Salzburger (2012) Introgressive hybridization between color morphs in a population of cichlid fishes twelve years after human-induced secondary admixis. Journal of Heredity 103:515-522.


Roesti M, A Hendry, W Salzburger & D Berner (2012) Genome divergence during evolutionary diversification as revealed in replicate lake-stream stickleback population pairs. Molecular Ecology 21: 2852-2862


Dittmann MT, M Roesti, A Indermaur, M Colombo, M Gschwind, I Keller, R Kovac, M Barluenga, M Muschick & W Salzburger (2012) Depth-dependent abundance of Midas Cichlid fish (Amphilophus sp.) in two Nicaraguan crater lakes Hydrobiologia 686: 277-285.


Damerau M, M Matschiner, W Salzburger & R Hanel (2012) Comparative population genetics of seven notothenioid fish species reveals high levels of gene flow along ocean currents in the southern Scotia Arc, Antarctica. Polar Biology 35: 1073-1086.


Theis A, W Salzburger & B Egger (2012) The function of anal fin egg-spots in the cichlid fish Astatotilapia burtoni. PLoS ONE 7: e29878.



Diepeveen ET & W Salzburger. 2011. Molecular characterization of two endothelin pathways in East African cichlid fishes. Journal of Molecular Evolution 73: 355-368.


Egger B, Y Klaefiger, A Theis & W Salzburger. 2011. A sensory bias has triggered the evolution of egg-spots in cichlid fishes. PLoS ONE 6: e25601.


Rutschmann S, M Matschiner, M Damerau, M Muschick, MF Lehmann, R Hanel & W Salzburger. 2011. Parallel ecological diversification in Antarctic notothenioid fishes as evidence for adaptive radiation. Molecular Ecology 20: 4707-4721.


Kuales G, K De Moulder, J Glashauser, W Salvenmoser, S Takashima, V Hartenstein, E Berezikov, W Salzburger & P Lardurner. 2011. Boule-like genes regulate male and female gametogenesis in the flatworm Macrostomum lignano. Developmental Biology 357: 117-132.


Baldo L, ME Santos & W Salzburger. 2011. Comparative transcriptomics of Eastern African cichlid fishes shows signs of positive selection and a large contribution of untranslated regions to genetic diversity. Genome Biology and Evolution 3: 443-455.


Muschick M, M Barluenga, W Salzburger & A Meyer. 2011. Adaptive phenotypic plasticity in the Midas cichlid fish pharyngeal jaw and its relevance in adaptive radiation. BMC Evolutionary Biology 11: 116.


Heule C & W Salzburger. 2011. The ontogenetic development of egg-spots in the haplochromine cichlid fish Astatotilapia burtoni. Journal of Fish Biology 78: 1588-1593.


Koblmüller S, Salzburger W, Obermüller B, Eigner E, Sturmbauer C & K Sefc. 2011. Separated by sand, fused by dropping water: habitat barriers and fluctuating water levels steer the evolution of rock-dwelling cichlid populations in Lake Tanganyika Molecular Ecology 20: 2272-2290.


Matschiner M, Hanel R & W Salzburger. 2011. On the origin and trigger of the notothenioid adaptive radiation. PLoS One 6: e18911.


Svenson O, Egger B, Gricar B, Woodhouse K, van Oosterhout C, Salzburger W, Seehausen O & GF Turner. 2011. Segregation of species-specific male attractiveness in F2 hybrid Lake Malawi cichlid fish. International Journal of Evolutionary Biology 2011: 426179.


Salzburger W, Ewing GB & A von Haeseler. 2011. he performance of phylogenetic algorithms in estimating haplotype genealogies. Molecular Ecology 20: 1952-1963.


Gunter H, Clabaut C, Salzburger W, Jones JC & A Meyer. 2011. Identification and characterization of gene expression involved in the coloration of cichlid fish using microarray and qRT-PCR approaches. Journal of Molecular Evolution 72: 127-137.


Engel P, Salzburger W, Liesch M, Chang CC, Maruyama S, Lanz C, Calteau A, Lajus A, Medigue C, Schuster SC & C Dehio. 2011. Parallel evolution of a type IV secretion system in radiating lineages of the host-restricted bacterial pathogen Bartonella PLoS Genetics 7: e1001296.



Berner D, M Roesti, AP Hendry & W Salzburger. 2010. Constraints on speciation suggested by comparing lake-stream stickleback divergence across two continents. Molecular Ecology 19: 4963-4978.


Muenzel FM, W Salzburger W, Sanetra M, Grabherr B & A Meyer. 2010. Genetic structure of the vairone (Telestes souffia, Risso 1826) in the eastern part of Lake Constance, Central Europe. Journal of Fish Biology 77: 1158-1164.


Sturmbauer C, W Salzburger, N Duftner, R Schelly & S Koblmüller. 2010. Evolutionary history of the Lake Tanganyika cichlid tribe Lamprologini (Teleostei: Perciformes) derived from mitochondrial and nuclear DNA data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57: 266-284.


Lee HJ, S Pittlik, JC Jones, W Salzburger, M Barluenga & A Meyer. 2010. Genetic support for random mating between left and right-mouth morphs in the dimorphic scale-eating cichlid fish Perissodus microlepis from Lake Tanganyika. Journal of Fish Biology 76: 1940-1957.


Marchetto F, S Zaccara, FM Muenzel & W Salzburger. 2010. Phylogeography of the Italian vairone (Telestes muticellus, Bonaparte 1837) inferred by microsatellite markers: evolutionary history of a freshwater fish species with a restricted and fragmented distribution. BMC Evolutionary Biology 10: 111.



Elmer KR, C Reggio, T Wirth, E Verheyen, W Salzburger & A Meyer. 2009. Pleistocene desiccation in East Africa bottlenecked but did not extirpate the adaptive radiation of Lake Victoria haplochromine cichlid fishes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 106: 13404-13409.


Salzburger W, D Steinke, I Braasch & A Meyer. 2009. Genome diversification in Eutherians: Can gene deserts explain the uneven distribution of genes in placental mammalian genomes? Journal of Molecular Evolution 69: 207-216.


Matschiner M, R Hanel & W Salzburger. 2009. Gene flow by larval dispersal in the Antarctic notothenioid fish Gobionotothen gibberifrons. Molecular Ecology 18: 2574-2587.


Egger B, D Steinke, H Tarui, K De Mulder, D Arendt, G Borgonie, N Funayama, R Gschwentner, V Hartenstein, B Hobmayer, M Hooge, M Hrouda, S Ishida, C Kobayashi, G Kuales, O Nishimura, D Pfister, R Rieger, W Salvenmoser, J Smith III, U Technau, S Tyler, K Agata, W Salzburger & P Ladurner. 2009. To be or not to be a flatworm: The acoel controversy. PLoS One 4: e5502.


Matschiner M & W. Salzburger. 2009. TANDEM: integrating automated allele binning into genetics and genomics workflows. Bioinformatics 25: 1982-1983.



R Abila, W Salzburger, MF Ndonga, DO Owiti, M Barluenga & A Meyer. 2008. The role of the Yala swamp lakes in the conservation of Lake Victoria region haplochromine cichlids: Evidence from genetic and trophic ecology studies. Lakes and Reservoirs: Research and Management 13: 95-104.


Salzburger W, SCP Renn, D Steinke, I Braasch, HH Hofmann & A Meyer. 2008. Annotation of expressed sequence tags for the East African cichlid fish Astatotilapia burtoni and evolutionary analyses of cichlid ORFs. BMC Genomics 9: 96.



Salzburger W, I Braasch & A Meyer. 2007. Adaptive sequence evolution in a color gene involved in the formation of the characteristic egg-dummies of male haplochromine cichlid fishes. BMC Biology 5: 51.


Duftner N, KM Sefc, S Koblmüller, W Salzburger, M Taborsky & C Sturmbauer. 2007. Parallel evolution of facial stripe patterns in the Neolamprologus brichardi/pulcher species complex endemic to Lake Tanganyika. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 45: 706-715.


Münzel F, M Sanetra, W Salzburger & A Meyer. 2007. Microsatellites from the vairone Leuciscus souffia (Pisces: Cyprinidae) and their application to closely related species. Molecular Ecology Notes 7: 1048-1050.


Siegel N, S Hoegg, W Salzburger, I Braasch & A Meyer. 2007. Comparative genomics of ParaHox clusters of teleost fishes: gene cluster breakup and the retention of gene sets following whole genome duplication. BMC Genomics 8: 312.


Gavrilets S, A Vose, M Barluenga, W Salzburger & A Meyer. 2007. Case studies and mathematical models of ecological speciation: Cichlids in a crater lake. Molecular Ecology 16: 2893-2909.


Clabaut C, PME Bunje, W Salzburger & A Meyer. 2007. Geometric morphometric analyses provide evidence for the adaptive character of the Tanganyikan cichlid radiation. Evolution 61: 560-578.


Sefc KM, S Baric, W Salzburger & C Sturmbauer. 2007. Species-specific population structure in rock-specialist cichlid fishes in Lake Tanganyika. Journal of Molecular Evolution 64: 33-49.



Koblmüller S, C Sturmbauer, E Verheyen, A Meyer & W Salzburger. 2006. Mitochondrial phylogeny and phylogeography of East African squeaker catfishes (Siluriformes: Synodontis). BMC Evolutionary Biology 6: 49.


Steinke D, W Salzburger & A Meyer. 2006. Novel relationships among ten fish model species revealed based on a phylogenomic analysis using ESTs. Journal of Molecular Evolution 62: 722-784.


Luo J, M Lang, W Salzburger, N Siegel, KN Stoelting & A Meyer. 2006. A BAC library for the goldfish Carassius auratus auratus (Cyprinidae, Cypriniformes). Journal of Experimental Zoology (Mol Dev Evol) 306B: 567-574.


Braasch I, W Salzburger & A Meyer. 2006. Asymmetric evolution in two fish-specifically duplicated receptor tyrosine kinase paralogons involved in teleost coloration. Molecular Biology and Evolution 23: 1192-1202.


Steinke D, W Salzburger, I Braasch & A Meyer. 2006. Many genes in fish have species-specific asymmetric rates of molecular evolution. BMC Genomics 7: 20.


Meyer A, W Salzburger & M Schartl. 2006. Sexual selection driven hybrid origin of a new species of swordtail (Teleostei: Xiphophorus). Molecular Ecology 15: 721-730.


Barluenga M, KN Stoelting, W Salzburger, M Muschick & A Meyer. 2006. Sympatric speciation in Nicaraguan crater lake cichlid fish. Nature 439: 719-724.


Lang M, T Miyake, I Braasch, D Tinnemore, N Siegel, W Salzburger, CT Amemiya & A Meyer. 2006. A BAC library for the East African haplochromine cichlid fish Astatotilapia burtoni. Journal of Experimental Zoology (Mol Dev Evol) 360B: 35-44.


Salzburger W, H Niederstätter, A Brandstätter, B Berger, W Parson, J Snoeks & C Sturmbauer. 2006. Color-assortative mating in the cichlid species Tropheus moorii from Lake Tanganyika, East Africa. Proceedings of the Royal Society London B 273: 257-266.


Schelly R, W Salzburger, S Koblmüller, N Duftner & C Sturmbauer. 2006. Phylogenetic relationships of the lamprologine cichlid genus Lepidiolamprologus (Teleostei: Percifomres) based on mitochondrial and nuclear sequences, suggesting introgressive hybridization. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 38: 426-438.



Clabaut C, W Salzburger & A Meyer. 2005. Comparative phylogenetic analysis of Lake Tanganyika cichlids using mitochondrial and nuclear DNA segments. Journal of Molecular Evolution 61: 666-681.


Steinke D, M Vences, W Salzburger & A Meyer. 2005. TaxI ¿ A software tool for DNA barcoding using distance methods. Philosophical Transaction of the Royal Society of London 360: 1975-1980.


Modolo L, W Salzburger & RD Martin. 2005. Phylogeography of barbary macaques (Macaca sylvanus) and the origin of the Gibraltar colony. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 102: 7392-7397.


Salzburger W, T Mack, E Verheyen & A Meyer. 2005. Out of Tanganyika: Genesis, explosive speciation, key-innovations and phylogeography of the haplochromine cichlid fishes. BMC Evolutionary Biology 5: 17.


Brandstätter A, W Salzburger & C Sturmbauer. 2005. Mitochondrial phylogeny of the Cyprichromini, a lineage of open-water cichlid fishes endemic to Lake Tanganyika, East Africa. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 34: 382-391.



Steinke D, W Salzburger & A Meyer. 2004. EverEST – a phylogenomic EST database approach. PhyloInformatics 6: 1-4.


Abila R, M Barluenga, J Engelken, A Meyer & W Salzburger. 2004. Population-structure of a haplochromine cichlid fish from a satellite lake of Lake Victoria. Molecular Ecology 13: 2589-2602.


Egger B, M Meekan, W Salzburger, L Mwape, L Makasa, R Shapola & C Sturmbauer. 2004. Validation of periodicity of increment formation in otoliths of an African cichlid fish species from Lake Tanganyika, Eastern Africa. Journal of Fish Biology 64: 1272-1284.


Koblmüller S, W Salzburger & C Sturmbauer. 2004. Evolutionary relationships in the sand-dwelling cichlid lineage of Lake Tanganyika suggest multiple colonization of rocky habitats and convergent origin of biparental mouthbrooding. Journal of Molecular Evolution 58: 79-96.



Salzburger W, A Brandstätter, A Gilles, W Parson, M Hempel, C Sturmbauer & A Meyer. 2003. The phylogeography of the vairone (Leuciscus souffia, Risso, 1826) in Central Europe. Molecular Ecology 12: 2371-2386.


Sturmbauer C, U Hainz, S Baric, E Verheyen & W Salzburger. 2003. Molecular phylogeny of the Tropheini: Synchronized explosive speciation producing multiple evolutionary parallelisms. Hydrobiologia 500: 51-64.


Verheyen E, W Salzburger, J Snoeks & A Meyer. 2003. On the origin of the superflock of cichlid fishes from Lake Victoria, East Africa. Science 300: 325-329.


Baric S, W Salzburger & C Sturmbauer. 2003. Phylogeography and evolution of the Tanganyikan cichlid genus Tropheus based upon mitochondrial DNA sequences. Journal of Molecular Evolution 56: 54-68.



Salzburger W, J Martens, AA Nazarenko, YH Sun, R Dallinger & C Sturmbauer. 2002. Phylogeography of the Eurasian willow tit (Parus montanus) based on sequences of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 24: 26-34.


Salzburger W, J Martens & C Sturmbauer. 2002. Paraphyly of the blue tit (Parus caeruelus) suggested from cytochrome b sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 24: 19-25.


Salzburger W, S Baric & C Sturmbauer. 2002. Introgressive hybridization in East African cichlids? Molecular Ecology 11: 619-625.


Salzburger W, A Meyer, S Baric, E Verheyen & C Sturmbauer. 2002. Phylogeny of the Lake Tanganyika cichlid species flock and its relationship to the Central- and East-African haplochromine cichlid fish faunas. Systematic Biology 51: 113-135.



Sturmbauer C, S Baric, W Salzburger, L Rüber & E Verheyen. 2001. Lake level fluctuations synchronize genetic divergences of cichlid fishes in African lakes. Molecular Biology and Evolution 18: 144-154

Short Communications, News and views


Faria R, S Renaut , J Galindo, C Pinho, J Melo-Ferreira, M Melo, F Jones, W Salzburger, D Schluter & R Butlin (2014) Advances in ecological speciation: an integrative approach. Molecular Ecology 23: 513-521.


Gante HD & W Salzburger (2012) Evolution: Cichlid models on the runaway to speciation. Current Biology 22: R956-958.


Diepeveen E & W Salzburger (2012) Two decades of Molecular Ecology: where are we and where are we heading? Molecular Ecology 21: 5656-5659.


Braasch I & W Salzburger (2009) In ovo omnia: diversification by duplication in fish and other vertebrates. Journal of Biology 8: 25.


Salzburger W. 2008. To be or not to be a hamlet pair in sympatry. Molecular Ecology 17: 1397-1400.


Barluenga M, KN Stoelting, W Salzburger, M Muschick & A Meyer. 2006. Evidence for sympatric speciation (reply). Brief Communication Arising. Nature 444: E13.


Verheyen E, W Salzburger, J. Snoeks & A Meyer. 2004. Response to comment ‘On the origin of the superflock of cichlid fishes from Lake Victoria, East Africa’. Science 304: 963c.

Review Articles


Heule C, W Salzburger & A Böhne (2014) Genetics of sexual development – an evolutionary playground for fish. Genetics 196: 579-591.


Santos ME & W Salzburger (2012) How cichlids diversify. Science 338: 619-921.


Salzburger W. 2009. The interaction of sexually and naturally selected traits in the adaptive radiations of cichlid fishes. Molecular Ecology 18: 169-185.


Salzburger W & A Meyer. 2004. The species flocks of East African cichlid fishes: Recent advances in molecular phylogenetics and population genetics. Naturwissenschaften 91: 277-290.



Hofer H & W Salzburger. 2008. Biologie 8 – Biologie und Umweltkunde. E. Dorner, Vienna (student textbook, in German).


Hofer H & W Salzburger. 2005. Biologie 3 – Biologie und Umweltkunde. E. Dorner, Vienna (student textbook, in German).


Hofer H, W Miram & W Salzburger. 2004. Biologie 2 – Biologie und Umweltkunde. E. Dorner, Vienna (student textbook, in German).

Book chapters


Salzburger W & HP Ziemeck. 2011. Buntbarsche - Modellorganismen für die wissenschaftsorientierte Bearbeitung der Evolutionsbiologie in der Schule. In: Evolutionsbiologie - Moderne Themen für den Unterricht (eds. Dreesmann D, D Graf & K Witte) pp. 259-277. Spektrum, Akademischer Verlag, Heidelberg.


Matschiner M, R Hanel & W Salzburger. 2010. Phylogeography and speciation processes in marine fishes and fishes from large freshwater lakes. In: Phylogeography (ed. Rutgers DS). pp. 1-29. Nova Science Publishers.

Selected publications discussing my research


Ingram T & DL Mahler. 2011. Niche diversification follows key innovation in Antarctic fish radiation. Molecular Ecology 20: 4590-4591 (Perspective)


Spinney L. 2010. Dreampond revisited. Nature 466: 174-175 (News Feature)


Arnold ML. 2006. Evolution through genetic exchange. Oxford University Press (pp. 74-75)


Jiggins CD. 2006. Sympatric speciation: why the controversy? Current Biology 16: 333-334 (Dispatch)


Ortiz/Barrientos D & LH Rieseberg. 2006. Splitting when together. Heredity 97: 2-3 (News and Commentary)


Pennisi E. 2006. Speciation standing in place. Science 311: 1372-1374 (NewsFocus)


Hopkin M. 2006. One place, one parent, two species. Nature 439: 640-641 (News)


Dawkins R. 2004. The ancestor's tale: A pilgrim to the Dawn of Life. Weidenfeld & Nicolson (pp. 281-287)


Kocher TD. 2003. Fractious phylogenies. Nature 423: 489-491 (News and Views).